What does it consist of?
Bilateral mammography allows breast tissues to be scanned for abnormal tissues, calcifications and any suspicious signs, and is the most useful tool for early prevention of breast cancer. However, mammography alone is not enough to determine the malignancy of a lesion, so additional tests, such as biopsy, will always be necessary to help confirm the suspicions found in mammography.
Cases in which it is recommended
Who is it for?
There is no specific age or time to start getting mammograms. This is something that your doctor will determine, as well as the frequency of performance appropriate for you, according to your risk factors.
In general, it’s time to start screening mammograms when:
- There is an average risk of breast cancer: Most women start having annual mammograms starting at age 40.
- There is a risk of breast neoplasia due to family history, with altered BRCA genes or with very dense breasts.
How do I prepare for the test?
Bilateral mammography is a non-invasive test that although it does not cause pain, can be a bit annoying, since to obtain the images the mammogram must compress the breasts. For the rest, it does not require preparation, it is fast and ambulatory, so at the end of the test you can resume your daily activities.
During bilateral mammography, you should stand in front of the x-ray machine bare-chested and place a breast on a plate. Then, a second plate will press the breast against the first, crushing it firmly but without causing damage. The procedure is repeated with the other breast.
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